Ocular Herpes – Severity and Treatment

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There are several different forms of herpes infections and one of such infections is ocular herpes. However, the more common and widespread form of this disease is genital and oral in origin. When the responsible viruses spread to eyes, it results in ocular herpes. It is not that the viruses suddenly strike the eyes. First they get into facial nerves and remain there in dormant state. However, in certain conditions this dormant state is breached and the responsible microorganisms transfer to ocular nerves after leaving facial nerves.

In most cases, even after the spread of infection no serious consequences appear. It simply covers the cornea and can be cured without much scarring. Some common symptoms include: moderate pain, redness, light sensitivity. However, when the condition gets worsened, it can cause partial loss of vision. In the worst condition, it can also lead to permanent vision loss or blindness. The measure of severity is assessed by finding out how much deeper the viruses have infected. They can even spread to retinal tissue and other eye tissues as well.

It is observed that the degree of severity is directly related to the potential of immune system. It means that a delayed reaction of immune system towards against ocular herpes can increase the severity. Nevertheless, researchers can’t say for sure the real cause which makes the dormant viruses active enough to spread into eye tissues. However, there is one thing for sure that this infection always spread along with sunburn, fever and some emotional trauma in one’s life. Many researcher construe from this association of the development of ocular herpes that the infection may cause by increased level of stress in life.

It is also possible that after successful treatment for ocular herpes it can surface again in same patient. Chances for reappearance of this infection are roughly about forty percent in one’s lifetime. The method of treatment for ocular herpes varies with patient. It is because different patients have different levels and regions of the spread of this disease. If the method of treatment is not chosen wisely, it can do more harm than good. In some conditions, a badly chosen treatment method can further worsen the situation. In less severity of this condition, only the applications of certain eye drops or ointments are suffice. On the other hand, a doctor may seem it fit to perform a much detailed procedure to remove the infection, like debridement. In this procedure the top layers of infection is removed surgically.

Other methods used in severe conditions include the use of steroid eye drops, which heals the eye inflammation. The most common drop that is used by doctors is the antiviral drop. The most severe conditions demand the use of surgery as the only treatment for ocular herpes. Apart from these conventional methods of treatment, there are certain other forms too, which may include: natural forms of treatment. For example: Including the diets which contain leaf extract of olive plant and lysine. One thing to notice here is that there is no permanent treatment for ocular herpes.

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