Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV), specifically by Type 2 (HSV-2). The first type of this virus, Type 1 (HSV-1) targets the oral area and is characterized by labial (lip) and mouth infections. Fever blisters and cold sores are the common indications of this disease. Today, HSV-1 is now known to also cause genital herpes, with a high possibility among individuals who engages in sexual activities at a young age. HSV-2 still remains to be the main and common cause of genital herpes.
HSV-2 stays in the nerves until it activates and travels to the surface of the infected area, and reproduces. This process is called “shedding” because during this time, the new viruses can travel to another person. The virus then returns to the nerve, to a ganglion, a mass of nerve tissue, often at the base of the spine area. The virus stays there for a while without activity.
Many are unaware of the existence of genital herpes even after contracting it. Despite the herpes signs, as much as 90% of people aged 12 and older are unable to recognize the infection.
Women are the common victims of herpes. This might be due to the higher vulnerability of female reproductive organs than male reproductive organs. Black people are also more vulnerable than white people, and it gets worse as people grow older. There is also a high risk of contracting herpes, and spreading it, when a person engages in sex with different people.
A case where oral herpes becomes genital herpes is possible during any form of oral sex like cunnilingus, fellatio, and analingus, with one person having oral herpes. HSV-1 is spread through kissing. So avoid kissing the person when you see herpes signs.
Consequently, when a person having genital herpes engages in oral sex, the genital herpes is passed on to another person’s mouth, leading to oral herpes. HSV-2 is commonly spread via vaginal sex and anal sex. One cannot contract it from any non-living surface like the toilet seat, because HSV-2 cannot thrive on a non-living plane.
The spreading of herpes may be avoided by using a condom, but you have to make sure that the infected area is covered. Avoid having sex with someone who has visible sores in his or her genitals, and never ever receive oral sex from someone with sores in his or her mouth.
You have to be wary of herpes even if you do not see any indications of it. It is contagious and spreads fast.
The eruptions of herpes can be minimized by certain medications. These medications also reduce the risk of passing on HSV-2 to a vulnerable companion.
A visit to a STD specialist is a great help for some herpes tests. You should have a detailed discussion regarding this disease. These questions will probably be asked to you, so you should review them and get ready. A herpes test will definitely save you from any trouble HSV will bring to you.
Herpes – Herpes is caused commonly by the virus we call the herpes simplex. Also to be noted is that this type of STD hasn’t only one but two types. Read more facts about this terrible STD.